Types of Centrifugal Pumps and Their Applications

A pump is the finest technology developed to enrich millions of lives and industries around the world dramatically. A centrifugal pump is the simplest and most commonly used one in the constellation of pumps. Many choices are available for centrifugal pumps in India with distinct forms, shapes, and sizes due to their widespread uses. These pumps exist today in many types, from massive to minimal, high pressure to low pressure, to handle liquids into gases.

Centrifugal pumps contain a high-speed revolving impeller to which vanes are attached. This impeller allows the liquid to be transferred from one end to the other. The impeller, which has a delivery pipe on one of its sides, envelops a tight casing. These sturdy Kirloskar centrifugal pumps convert the primer's energy into kinetic energy and later into the fluid's pressure energy.

Types of Centrifugal Pump 

Depending on the design, construction, operation, service, compliance with a national or industry standard, etc., centrifugal pumps can be categorized into several forms. Therefore one particular pump may belong to various classes, and often the pump itself is recognized by its definition. Below, some of these categories have been highlighted:

Pumps can be classified as follows, depending on the number of impellers in the pump:


The single-stage engine, a one-impeller pump, has a basic design and easy maintenance Ideal for high flow rates and installations with low pressure. They are frequently used in pumping high-flow services and low to moderate Total Dynamic Head.


This type of pump has two side-by-side working impellers that are used for applications with medium heads.


The pump has three or more series of impellers for elevated head operation.

Features of Centrifugal Pump 

These pumping devices are powered by a high-range electrical motor that works. These days, it is one of the most common kinds of devices used in most industries. It is not self-priming, which is one of the most significant features of these machines. Before it begins running, it must be full of liquid; otherwise, it will cease to operate well. However, the tank that receives the water from these devices may be installed at a higher height than the pump, 

Applications of Centrifugal Pump 

Pumping Low Viscosity Fluids

Centrifugal pumps are essentially used to pump at moderate pressure with low viscosity fluids such as water and other liquids. As it uses a revolving impeller, it can be used for pumping without any problems. The pump has an inbuilt impeller that quickly shifts the liquid into the pump. These pumps are predominantly used in food processing plants, water treatment plants, and manufacturing plants. These pumps are available in various materials such as ceramics, metals, and plastic.

Irrigation Purposes

Centrifugal pumps are used for a wide range of uses, including domestic and industrial purposes. It is used in most agricultural areas for waterfalls, sprinklers, fountains, and various irrigation purposes. These pumping devices are primarily used in mixing pumps, drain pumps, automobile coolants, industrial coolants, Jet Ski pumps, fire engines, windshields, etc.

Fire Control

Centrifugal pumps are used for other uses, such as fire protection, irrigation, and high-pressure washing purposes. These machines are more durable and costly. To achieve individual requirements, it is necessary to choose the right type of unit. When purchasing this equipment, the quantity of pressure and the type of material to be pumped should be considered. These machines may be used for the pumping of various other liquids, such as oils, chemicals, and fertilizers.

When purchasing these machines, the head and capacity should be considered. As these pumping systems require less maintenance, they can be used at an inexpensive price point in various areas for different purposes. Centrifugal pumps are easy to obtain from centrifugal pump dealers at affordable prices.


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